I understand now why all Filipinos are craving for that big change in our country because we have been dealing with that same corrupted government and this dirty politics can be traced way back to our very first administration. Before the Malolos Congress were formed where the First Philippine Republic was born, there was once the Tejeros Assembly or convention which was held in San Francisco De Malabon (now General Trias , Cavite). This convention was considered as the very first Presidential and Vice Presidential election in Philippine history but unfortunately, it didn’t end up so well.Just beside the Welcome arch of General Trias Cavite lies the newly constructed site of the Casa Hacienda De Tejeroes. This is where the infamous Tejeros Convention was held. The convention was held on March 22, 1897 with a mere purpose to discuss the defense of Cavite against the Spaniards during the Philippine Revolution. The assembly however became an election to decide who should lead the Revolutionary movement.The convention was attended by two parties, the Magdalo and the Magdiwang. Emilio Aguinaldo (although not present in the convention) was nominated for President to represent the Magdalo party while Andres Bonifacio and Mariano Trias represented the Magdiwang Faction.Emilio Aguinaldo won the election gathering 146 votes out of the 256 registered voters. Mariano Trias took the vice presidential position while Bonifacio was elected as the Director of the Interior. However, a guy named Daniel Tirona raised his objection to elect Bonifacio as the Director of the Interior. According to him, the position should belong to someone who has a lawyer’s diploma which insulted Bonifacio.An intricately carved bronze sculpture inside the Casa Hacienda De Tejeros depicting the Tejeros Convention. Bonifacio, clearly insulted, demanded that Tirona retract the remark. When Tirona made to leave instead, Bonifacio drew a pistol and was about to fire at Tirona, but stopped when Ricarte tried to disarm him.Bonifacio’s pride was affronted ego and he walked out of the assembly, after proclaiming the result of the convention null and invalid by virtue of his authority as Supremo. This started the rivalry between Bonifacio and Aguinaldo, and the decline of the Katipunan as an organization.
Since Emilio Aguinaldo was not present during the election, he was persuaded by his brother to take the oath along with other elected officers (except Bonifacio) in Santa Cruz de Malabon (now Tanza) – Check –Santa Cruz Convent Museum
Andres Bonifacio and his brother was also arrested shorty after the events of Tejeros Convention. They were both held in a cell inside the Casa Hacienda de Naic – Check Casa Hacienda De Naic
Here’s how the old Tejeros mansion looked like.The center hall as viewed from the second floor. There’s a huge portrait depicting the intense scene during the Tejeros AssemblyI’m quite surprised that despite of being so spacious, this three-story building is barely empty and occupied. There were plenty of rooms that are unoccupied while some areas are seemingly unmaintained. Maybe the place is just being used for special occasions.Located in each post or column are bust statues of people who were there during the convention or associated with this historical assembly. Here’s a bust statue of Gen Artemio RicarteGen Emiliano Riego De DiosGen Baldomero B Aguinaldo – I visited his Mansion early this year- You can check – The Baldomero Aguinaldo Shrine In CaviteGen Mariano AlvarezGat Andres BonifacioJosephine Bracken. I was surprised to see her here but upon doing some researched I learned that after Rizal’s death, Bracken joined the Revolutionary forces in Cavite and witnessed the Tejeros Convention before going back to Manila. Gen Pascual AlvarezGen Mariano TriasDon Severino Delas AlasEmilio Aguinaldo
Another interesting and historically significant sight in this place are the remains of the old Casa Hacienda. Some parts of the old building can still be seen including this concrete staircase. The site is now being covered with huge trees and grass.You’ll also find old tunnels which leads out to a nearby river.Old adobe walls that are still intact.
How To Get to Tejeros Convention
From Coastal/ Baclaran- Ride a bus bound to Naic, Ternate or Maragondon. Tell the driver to drop you off in Gen Tri Crossing or you can mention him to drop you at the “Arko”. Just beside the Welcome Arch, you’ll find the Tejeros Convention.
Take note, there are no Entrance Fee to Tejeros Convention